Sunday, February 23, 2020

Death and Dying Process and Rituals in the Asian Culture Essay

Death and Dying Process and Rituals in the Asian Culture - Essay Example After the death of an elderly member of the family, celebrations or events such as weddings may be postponed. The closest members of the individual are supposed to grieve the longest and the amount of grief expressed is supposed to be equal to how close the person was to that individual. In terms of bereavement, men are allowed to openly cry during a family gathering after the death but only the women are supposed to cry and express their grief during the funeral ceremonies while the men are supposed to remain stoic (Leach, 2006). The right to die changes from culture to culture and while some cultures such as Japan may accept a person’s decision to end his/her life, others such as China may frown upon it (Leach, 2006). Some Buddhist patients may actually refuse to seek medical attention due to an acceptance of pain, suffering and even death as a part of their karma. This can lead to a situation where a medical practitioner may have to stop treatment at the request of a patient. Numrich et. al. (2006) report that such patients may have to be reminded that Karma can be both good and bad therefore they should accept treatment as a part of their good karma just as they accept pain as a part of bad karma. When individuals are supposed to maintain stoic attitudes, the lack of expression of grief may cause them to become depressed. This depression could be a problem both for the person who knows s/he is going to die as well as the individuals who are around him/her (NASP, 2003). However, belief in sprits as well as an afterlife for most of the Asian culture does provide some comfort since death itself may be seen as nothing more than change and a transfer from this world to the next (Lobar et. al., 2006). In such situations, families come together to form support groups and ease the mourning process for the individuals who are left behind. However, for the widows, the process can

Friday, February 7, 2020

Consider the taxation of benefits in kind for employees in the UK, Essay

Consider the taxation of benefits in kind for employees in the UK, should benefits in kind be taxed at all To what extent does - Essay Example This monetary value is included in the total earnings of the employee and then taxed accordingly. There has been a debate whether benefits in kind should be taxed or not. Taxing such benefits is essential because employees cannot be allowed to have numerous benefits but low salaries so that they are taxed less. However, the same can prove to be very unfair when an employee is provided with a one-time benefit in kind and he has to pay too much tax as a result. Another problem arises when an employee is provided with a benefit in kind which is clearly of a great value but is not taxed u/s 62 because it cannot be converted into something having monetary value. Valuation can be very tricky for some articles and it can end up relieving the employee of tax liability for the benefit hence giving him an unfair advantage. There have been numerous cases which had to be settled in court due to the confusion of valuation. The courts have a history of deciding theses cases while remaining within the confines of S 62. This section seems inadequate and unfair on occasions where an accommodation can go untaxed but a mere provision of a suit is taxed because one can be valued and the other cannot. In order to be fair, the valuation system is required to be adequate and broader in scope. Another problem is that the benefit code does not apply to lower paid employees. The lower paid employees are defined in such a way that can include those employees who are not actually lower paid. According to S 217(1), a lower paid employee is one who has an earning rate of less than ?8,500. By the inclusion of benefits obtained under the benefit code, many employees, who have the monetary earnings rate of less than ?8,500, do not fall in the definition of lower paid employees. However, when employees hold benefits of great values, which are such that are not convertible to something having a monetary benefit, the employees fall in the definition of lower paid employees and become exempt from the benefits code. This is a huge problem which can only be solved by broadening the scope of S 62 and the valuation system. Section 64 is also of importance as it deals with the relationship between earnings and benefits code. There may be a case that a single benefit is provided to an employee but it gives rise to both an amount treated as earnings and an amount to be treated as earnings under the benefit code. Section 64(2) provides that in such a case, the amount that is constituted as earnings is to be treated as earnings, and only that portion of the second amount is to be treated as earning under the benefits code which exceeds the first amount. This section actually attempts to avoid the double taxation of a benefit if it falls both under S 62 and S 63. It is not a bad idea to tax such benefits in this way but there can be another way that is simpler to understand. Such benefit could also have been taxed entirely under the benefit code system. This would not have brought any changes to the resulting revenue but it would have been a better tax due to its simplicity. The underlying principle of having the benefit code system is very fair. This system is designed to make employees accountable for their perquisites. However, this system has many loopholes which allow avoidance of tax. Also, employees are also open to the danger of paying more tax than the fair amount. As mentioned above, most of the problems are created by the valuation process. Another problem arises in cases of benefits

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

The culture of both stories Essay Example for Free

The culture of both stories Essay Outline with reference to the culture of both stories, how the theme of loss is reflected in Veronica and A Stench Of Kerosene  Veronica is a story which is set in a native village presumably in Africa, it is about a girl called Veronica who grows up from being a little child into a women with her life limited to very few opportunities due to her fatalism. Veronica has a life of pain with her dying many symbolic deaths.  The story Veronica carries many traditions that you would expect from a village lifestyle, the village itself is as you would expect, with stronger beliefs of traditions in the people, than there would be in a city or town. As a child, due to these traditions, education is a loss In Veronicas life this is shown in the fact that Veronica is not allowed to make the choice of going ahead with an education simply because she is a girl and has the burden of looking after her family fallen on her shoulders due to her being the eldest, she knows this because when asked by Okeke to come with him to the city, she replies,  I cant just leave my family  This shows you that she has accepted that she has to listen to her parents and follow their cultural beliefs.  These cultural believes are changed depending on the person being a man or a women as shown in Veronica in the fact that Okeke is aloud to have the choice of an education. This is a sign of the culture in the village in where the story of Veronica is set and how it doesnt differ from traditional African villages in where the man is the one normally the one who gets the chance of an education. When Okeke leaves veronica to go to the city, she loses a friend, who had always cared for her and always tried to persuade her to make something of her self, he said to her  Why dont you get out of this place?  This shows that he cares for her and believes that the village has nothing to offer her if she wants to move forwards in her life, even when she replies to him that she has no education he still shows unwillingness to give up because he wants her to widen her choices in life. This gives you an idea in what she was to lose in Okeke, good friend that she could always talk to despite her troubles. A very big loss in her life is the death of her parents, this is one of her sad lifes low points as she never had much other than her mum and dad that she had cared for, this is one symbolic death that weakens her and she is saddened more because her brothers and sisters that she spent most of her life caring for moved on, getting on with their lifes leaving her lonely.  Veronica as a woman was still bound by the cycle of poverty. This is shown because when finding a man nearly dead he was half dead, she takes care of him showing that she cares for others before herself.  When asked by the man if she would marry him she, Veronica says yes mainly due to the fact that she is lonely,  I was lonely here at the time  This shows she is lonely and gives you a sign of her dream, to have kids and a family, which any respectable women would dream. Veronica marrying a man from another tribe is very unusual, she says  He is not of our people  This is unusual because traditionally in the culture where the story of Veronica is set you it is not allowed that you get married to someone from a different tribe.  When Veronica does finally for fill her dream of having a child she is extremely pleased, she says to Okeke,  God has blessed us with a child  This gives you an idea of how pleased she is because it is a sign of her culture that you as a women have a family and a husband that you could be proud of. Veronica is distraught when her husband and baby die, she says  My husband is dead and so is my child  This is a big loss in her life because they were all she had left that she cared for this is another of symbolic deaths that she dies that weakens her from inside.  So that is the reason when dying she is dying she does not make an attempt to save her self, she says,  I wont live to see tomorrow and nor do I want to  This shows her unwillingness to live because she thinks theres no reason for her because she has no one that cares for her any more.  The death of Veronica is a big loss for Okeke who loved her, which was different from the story Country Lovers in which the two characters were in love rather than love. He could not turn his love into marriage because I believe he knew his parents would not allow him to marry Veronica, as they believed that she was not the right type for him because she was of a lower class this showed a sign of their culture. The story A Stench Of Kerosene is set in an Asian village probably in India because there are places like Chamba and words like dappatta, chaspoy and chillum mentioned. It is about a husband and wife Manak and Guleri. When Guleri leaves her in law house to go home, Manak is forced by his mother to get married again because Guleri after seven years of marriage has not given birth to a child. Manak does get married and has a kid with his new wife as his mother had granted, after hearing of Manaks new wife Guleri soaks her clothes in kerosene and sets her self on fire. The story A Stench Of Kerosene also carries many traditions you would expect in a village lifestyle. Cultural traditions are shown because the man in the family is the on who goes out to do the work, Manak is a farmer and Guleri being the wife stays with her in-law family and is the one who would do most of the work in the house giving her mother in-law some rest.  In A Stench Of Kerosene there is loss shown because Manak loses his wife Guleri, he was  Mute with pain  This suggests how much pain he is feeling after the death of his wife.  He also loses his love because he does not love his new wife as he did Guleri, Manak feels,  His body responded but his heart was dead with in him  This gives you an idea of how much he loved Guleri and how little he feels for his new wife. There is a sign of the culture in A Stench Of Kerosene because of the tradition of arrange marriages in the village lifestyle. The story is also unusual because traditionally the man in the family is the dominant one but in A Stench Of Kerosene, Manaks mother makes the decisions for him or is it just that he is being loyal to his mother. This differs from normal village lifestyles.  The theme of loss is reflected in many ways and is affected by the cultural backgrounds in both Veronica and A Stench Of Kerosene. In the story Veronica, Veronica is limited to very few opportunities because she is held back by cultural reasons. In the story A Stench Of Kerosene Mank because of cultural reasons is forced to remarry and lose the love of his life in Guleri.

Monday, January 20, 2020

History of American Politics :: essays research papers

Throughout American history there have been changes that have shaped the way we live today. Some of them are small things: for example the way we vote, the way requirements for a citizenship are obtain and other minor things that does not effect every person at any given time. There are also many consistent ways we have lived in America through our history such as: the two party systems and how we are represented have been constant for a long period of time in the United States. None of these things are as important as the end of segregation and our economic structure, capitalism. These two effect the entire country continuously throughout history, no matter who you are our what your beliefs or your political views. Capitalism is one of the longest and most important constants in America today. It's emphasis around the "America Dream" defines America and appeals to many countries, that you can own your own land, business, house, car, or almost anything you could ever want. This is the very essence that has separated the United States for the rest of the world for a long time. The idea that the harder you work and the better of a job you do will bring you financial success in your life. What would happen to America if we no longer had capitalism as our economic structure? There have been two times in American history when capitalism was almost taken away from us. If WWII had a different outcome, as it almost did, wouldn't the country be almost forced into Fascism? This may seem as a unlikely outcome but what would of happen to the "American Dream." During the Cold War it was a stand- off between Capitalism and Communism. If was a very tense time, and some say it was just luck or a toss of the dice that we didn't convert and the Soviets did. Since these changes would of happen in the last half-century the effects would still be felt in America. What would happen to the "American Dream"? The way that every one lived in this country would be completely changed. The way we did business, the way we bought clothes, when we went out to eat, everything. The reason of is because the Communism and Fascism are very extreme when compared to Capitalism. Fa! scism is extremely right wing and a dictator controls the government and his power is enforced by his military. Communism is extremely left of center which has many more citizen help programs such as: health care, medicare, welfare, in this country has a hard enough time dealing with

Sunday, January 12, 2020

European History Essay

The Third Reich represents one of the darkest moments in Germany history. Established during the height of the fascist frenzy which propelled the National Socialist party to power in post-War Germany, the Third Reich and Nazi Germany are terms which are often used synonymously to describe this particularly ominous period. As a totalitarian dictatorship which replaced the Weimer Republic and officially lasted for a dozen years, the Third Reich was established on the supremacy of the fascist political doctrine and the supremacy of the German Aryan race. Seeking to explore the emergence of Nazi political dominance in the wake of the collapse of the Weimer Republic, this question will explore the political evolution of fascism in Germany. Many questions will be discussed with reference to the creation of German fascism and how it came to be the underlying ideological underpinning of the Nazi regime. Arguing that unlike the Republican parties of the Weimer Republic, Adolf Hitler and Nazi Party never lost sight of politics, this essay will explore the evolution of National Socialism in Germany with an eye to how the Nazis appealed to their constituents and grew, up to, as well as after the Weimer Republic collapsed. An authoritarian political movement which evolved during the early half of the twentieth century, fascism was the dominant political ideology in Germany for more than a dozen years. Championed by the charismatic torchbearer of this new and increasingly powerful political movement, Adolf Hitler brought fascism to the forefront of German politics by tapping into widespread social discontent following World War I. The section below will describe nascent fascism and its early years in Germany. What lead to the development of fascism in Germany? Fascism arose in response to a variety of domestic and international factors following World War I. Fascism can be defined as a militant political movement which promoted a unique mixture of ideology and organization in an attempt to create a â€Å"new type of civilization†. German fascism advanced an ideology of extreme nationalism, secular idealism and national rejuvenation. From a tactical and organizational standpoint, this movement employed the use of violence to achieve its aims and rejected parliamentary democracy. Additionally, it drew upon corporatist ideas of harmony through hierarchy and advocated national efficiency. Revolutionary in nature, it sought to transform and renew German society though a rejection of egalitarianism and by embracing rigid hierarchical classifications. German fascism evolved during the Weimer Republic and was created in opposition to socialism, communism and liberal democracy. It evolved in juxtaposition to the egalitarianism espoused by political movements of the era including communism and liberal democracy and early fascists found fertile ground for their movement in Germany after World War I (Gay 2001). Dissatisfaction on a variety of fronts paved the way for the emergence of the fascist political movement in Germany. From a foreign policy standpoint, many Germans were dissatisfied with the results of the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, a peace treaty which ended the Great War and imposed a negotiated solution on the warring parties. Germans were particularly upset with heavy reparations at the Treaty of Versailles including loss of land and steep financial payments culminating in national embarrassment. The Great Depression of the 1930s exacerbated an already dire economic situation in Germany and many Germans turned to a doctrine which promoted the restoration of German national pride through strong government and cultural renewal. In addition to Versailles, another international impetus for the rise of fascism in Germany was the so-called â€Å"Red Menace†, the communist threat to the current political order and the revolutionary appeal of international communism. The fear of communist revolution played into the hands of early fascists who were vocal in their dislike of communism and their rejection of its emphasis on class struggle. Importantly, the Red Menace was also a particular important domestic antecedent for the rise of fascism in both Italy and Germany. As mentioned above, a rejection of class cleavages and the divisive class ideology of communism gave fascism wide appeal among members of the upper strata of German society. A patrimonial society with deep social and economic divisions, Germany was beset by strong social cleavages. Fascism was able to appeal to the aristocracy, the bourgeoisie as well as the working classes in its appeal to a strong and unified and strong Germany. Accordingly, National Socialism is anti-liberal and anti-individualistic; by implication it is irrational, mystical, and romantic; by its results it is totalitarian to the point of religious obsession. That such a world-concept has conquered a nation which is famed for its scientific thoroughness, is mainly due to the fact that National Socialist philosophy coincided with a spiritual vacuum in Germany, created by the humiliation of political defeat and the difficulties of economic post-war adjustment (Loewenstein 1926). As an ideology, fascism promoted a strong and united Germany – extremely important during a period of national embarrassment and deep economic woes – and nationalism was an inherent component of the German fascist movement. Through the oratory skills of Adolf Hitler and a persuasive propaganda machine, the fascist doctrine served to unify all peoples of Germany when in 1933 the Nazi Party carried out their successful machtergreifung (seizure of power) and established the Nazi dictatorship and Third Reich in Germany (Dietrich 1988). The fascist doctrine in Germany also paved the way for the concept of a Greater Germany which required territorial expansion and was a direct cause of outbreak of the Second World War in 1939. As an inclusive doctrine movement which sought to unite all ethnic Germans into one state and against all divisive stripes, Nazism successfully unify the German people under the umbrella of Nazi fascist ideology. Accordingly, early into his assumption of power in 1933, Adolf Hitler implemented Gleichschaltung – literally, to bring everyone together or in line – and consolidated his rule (Fulbrook 2002).

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Anthem The Key Is Happiness Essay - 601 Words

Happiness. Most people yearn to be happy. If people are not happy, what good is life? Without happiness, people are not living their lives the way they want to. Happiness is a way for people to discover their true identity. Working at something that does not make a person happy is pointless because they will have no enjoyment doing what they are doing, and no motive to continue. Face it, people need happiness to do everything. Happiness is a key part of most peoples lives because without its presence people will never be satisfied with their lives, realize who they are as an individual, or accomplish anything substantial. Without happiness, people might not be living their lives the way they yearn to. This is a prominent part of the†¦show more content†¦What is my freedom, if all creatures, even the botched and the impotent, are my masters? What is my life, if I am but to bow, to agree and to obey.† (Rand 97) This quote shows that before Prometheus discovered the word ‘I’, or his true identity, he was not happy. Coming to a realization, he sees that now that he is his own individual and he does not have to conform to his collectivist society, he can be free and happy. He is happy now that he can own his own accomplishments and not have to share them with others, conforming to his previous society that he has now detached himself from. Equality 7-2521 now figures out who Prometheus truly is. People who work at something that does not make them happy are less likely to make a substantial accomplishment because they are not motivated to make an effort towards their goal. â€Å"But the only things which taught us joy were the power we created in our wires, and the Golden One. And both these joys belong to us alone, they come from us alone, they bear no relation to our brothers, and they do not concern our brothers in any way. Thus do we wonder† (Rand 31). In this quote th e reader can infer that the lightbulb Prometheus has made is a great source of happiness for him. The lightbulb is one of the only things that taught him joy. Since he was happy when creating the lightbulb, he accomplished a lot and ended up creating a new invention. If he would have not enjoyed making theShow MoreRelatedSuppression of Individuality in Huxleys Brave New World and Rands Anthem1686 Words   |  7 PagesFahrenheit 451, a Ray Bradbury book, possesses a stereotypical citizen named Guy Montag. Guy sees the world just the same as any other individual. No true happiness or emotion is ever evoked. In his society, Montag becomes aware that books and other censored items exist in the world, but their presence has no impact on him until a female character enters the story. Talking one afternoon, Montag becomes interest in this female’s opinions on society. He soon concludes that the government is repressingRead MoreEssay Themes in Ayn Rands Anthem1599 Words   |  7 P agesAnthem Themes â€Å"My happiness is not the means to any end. It is the end. It is its own goal. It is its own purpose† (Rand, 95). Anthem is written by American author Ayn Rand about Equality 7-2521 on his quest for happiness. The novel is set in an unspecified time and place in the future. Years after human civilization has gone through a deconstruction in which all knowledge was lost and a new society established with no concept of the individual. â€Å"The novel describes the efforts of the mainRead MoreA Totalitarian World Of The Future1009 Words   |  5 PagesTopic 3: â€Å"Anthem portrays a totalitarian world of the future. In contrast to other such portrayals, the world of Anthem is technologically primitive. 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DuringRead MoreMusic Is The Combination Of Organized Audio Frequencies Through Intricate Patterns Floating Through The Air And Clashing808 Words   |  4 Pagesuse of different key signatures helps to translate the intended feeling. Key signatures are what give a piece of music a happy or sad connotation. Major keys generally invoke feelings of joy or happiness; while, minor keys generally invoke a feeling of sadness. Rhythm also contributes to the feelings the audience members feel when listening to a song. Slow, connected rhythms are calming and relaxing. In contrast, fast, separated rhythms can sound more agitated or aggressive. Key signature and rhythmRead MoreAnthem And Fahrenheit 451 : Society1292 Words   |  6 PagesIn the novels Anthem and Fahrenheit 451, society believed they were God in peoples’ eyes. Whether having control over their jobs, education, or love lives, society had a way of breaking all contact that lied in peoples’ personal thoughts and actions. If people were to act upon a thought they knew was forbidden, their actions could potentially ruin the heavenly system created by their society. However, there is no such thing as the perfect society. No matter how much society may want humanity to beRead MoreCollectivist Society Depicted in Ayn Rand’s Anthem Essay1304 Words   |  6 PagesA captivating novelette in which a man’s priority is to serve only for his brothers, Ayn Rand’s Anthem illustrates a society t hat has suffered the ghastly consequences of collectivism. She depicts an oppressive culture in which the word â€Å"I† is unheard of and men belong to the collective â€Å"We.† Men’s lives are determined through the Council of Vocations, a group that maintains a powerful dictatorship by subjugating the public from the beginning of their lives. The idea that â€Å"If you are not needed byRead More dickinson and angelou Essay548 Words   |  3 Pagesunderstanding and comparing these two works, it is easy to recognise that Dickinson believes that possessing neither material possessions nor the joy of success are the real keys to happiness. Poem 2 focuses on a battle that could be considered either literal in the sense of war, or more symbolic as it could act as the anthem for any type of loss or failure. Lines 1 and 2 of the poem explain that success or winning is most valued by those who never prevail. Dickinson is saying that loss createsRead MoreThe Importance Of Human Identity In Anthem By Ayn Rand931 Words   |  4 Pagesfrom society; the only replacement being the word â€Å"we†. Ayn Rand’s novel Anthem explores the effects of a horrific, totalitarian society. Children are separated from their parents at birth, careers are assigned, not chosen, and free will is the ultimate crime. Living within this structure, Equality 7-2521 finds himself lost in contradiction; collectivity should lead to happiness, but for him, individuality seems to be the key. Through vivid setting, a provoking major character, and symbolic detailsRead MoreHoli Festival777 Words   |  4 Pagesmore so in the Eastern part of In dia.  It is said that Holi existed several centuries before Christ. However, the meaning of the festival is believed to have changed over the years. Earlier it was a special rite performed by married women for the happiness and well-being of their families and the full moon (Raka) was worshiped. The actual word â€Å"Holi† means â€Å"burning† though there are many legends to decipher the actual meaning of the word. Some legends suggest that  Ã¢â‚¬Å"Hiranyakashyap wanted everybody

Friday, December 27, 2019

European Exploration The Age Of Discovery - 1128 Words

European states decided to partake in global explorations in the early fifteenth century. By doing so, this opened up a new chapter in world history, known as the Age of Discovery. During this time, Europe expanded to the Americas, Africa, and the Far East being the first orbit around the world. â€Å"Profound misconceptions about geography and the cultures of local populations would change very slowly throughout he early centuries of European exploration.† (The Saylor Foundation The European Voyages of Exploration: Introduction). Europeans had a hard time believing there was life outside of Europe before they explored. European nations reached out and influenced the entire world from the 1500s to the 1750s. Along with the global exploration, the Scientific Revolution and the Atlantic Slave Trade were also two of the most influential happenings during this time period. With the means and motives, Europe advanced rapidly and influenced other nations like the Americas and Africa. Europeans had ships, navigation, and gunpowder weapons. They were motivated with: the trade of gold and silver, national power, or mercantilism, religion, and crusade. Europe’s geography allowed Europe to easily trade with other nations. â€Å"Geography provides a starting point for explaining European’s American empires. Countries on the Atlantic rim of Europe (Portugal, Spain, Britain, and France) were simply closer to the Americans than were any potential Asian competitors.† (Strayer 619). EuropeShow MoreRelatedEuropean Exploration And Trade During The Age Of Discovery975 Words   |  4 Pagesresponsible for some of history’s darkest ages. European exploration and trade during the age of discovery is what indirectly created what we today call America. The world that we see today can be attributed back to Portugal as it pioneered a niche in expedition for European culture. 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Columbus’s explorations were the catalyst for unprecedented trade known as the Columbian Exchange, which started the exchange of goods and ideas that would last for centuriesRead MorePositive Impact Of Christopher Columbus Discoveries1249 Words   |  5 PagesPositive Impact of Christopher Columbus’ Discoveries The world is a better place because of Christopher Columbus’ important discoveries in the New World. His explorations resulted in the vast expansion of property for Europe, the exchange of goods and cultures between countries and a change in the worldview of geography. Columbus’s explorations were the catalyst for unprecedented trade known as the Columbian Exchange, which started the exchange of goods and ideas that would last for centuriesRead MoreAge Of Exploration : The Promise Of Glory1188 Words   |  5 Pages Age of Exploration: The Promise of Glory I have fully upheld Delbarton’s honor code in letter and spirit. Signature: Hunter Macy Hunter Macy October 19, 2015 European History Mr. Manno Delbarton School The Age of Exploration, during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, led to a myriad of expansion for European countries, namely Spain and Portugal. The rush to the New World by Portugal and Spain during the Age of Exploration, led by men such as Hernan CortesRead MoreEffects Of European Exploration On The World1252 Words   |  6 PagesEffects Of European Exploration By the late 1400’s into the 1500’s, European countries began to expand into the rest of the world. This resurgence of trade interest resulted in a demand for foreign goods and exploration of water routes. This Age of Exploration united the Americas with Europe, Asia, and Africa. The exchanges were plentiful and stabilizing for many communities. However, along with the positive influences, came the negative aspects, which impacted cultures and civilizations aroundRead MoreThe Consequences of the Age of Exploration Essay517 Words   |  3 PagesThe Age of Discovery, also known by others as the â€Å"Age of Exploration†, was a period starting in the 15th century, lasting for over 200 years, and was conceived by the pioneer Portuguese and Spanish explorers in their search for precious metals and very costly spices, such as saffron and cardamom. Although the expansion of knowledge about the world was a good intention, it ultimately turned out be have extremely s evere consequences, which its effects are still being suffered to this day! First ofRead MoreCauses Of The Age Of Exploration1112 Words   |  5 Pages The geographical exploration was a period of time when European states began exploring the world. The European exploration known as the Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration began in the early fifteenth century and extended throughout the late sixteenth century. During this time, European nations discovered new routes. This led to the discovering of trade from different places outside of Europe. Europe exploration expanded to places such as the Americas, Africa, and much of the Far East. ManyRead MoreCauses Of European Exploration754 Words   |  4 PagesEurope’s Age of Exploration and Discovery began around 1453 when the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople, which resulted in the fall of the Byzantine Empire. This conquest cut off most European access to this area, severely limiting trade with the Middle East, especially China and India. Furthermore, Venice and the Ottoman Empire established a monopoly over trade, which irritated Europe and sparked their desire to re connect with the East and restore direct trade relations with Asia. Europe’s desire